Polycystic Kidney Disease
PKD is one of the major kidney diseases which are genetic or inherited. It is not so common in babies and children. In this disease fluid filled pouches or cysts are found in the kidney but can also be observed in other organs like liver, spleen and pancreas. The type of PKD passed from parent to child by an autosomal dominant type of inheritance is known as autosomal dominant PKD or ADPKD. It indicates that only one copy of abnormal gene is the cause of the disease. Therefore there is a 50-50 chance for the child to develop the disease if one of the parent suffers from it.