Genetic disorders of kidney

Kidney diseases, such as polycystic kidney disease is due to problems with the shape or size of the kidneys (anatomic disorders), while other  kidney diseases interfere with the inner workings of the kidneys (metabolic disorders). Most metabolic kidney disorders are rare, since they are to be inherited from both parents. Some kidney diseases caused by inflammation of the kidneys, called nephritis. This might be due to an infection or to an autoimmune reaction where the body's immune or defence system attacks and damages the kidneys.

The most common causes of kidney disease include diabetes, high blood pressure, and hardening of the arteries (which damage the blood vessels in the kidney). Other common causes of kidney failure include certain medications that could be toxic to kidney tissue, and blockages of the system that drains the kidneys.

  • Alport Syndrome
  • Tubulopathy
  • Renal Agenesis
  • Cystinosis

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